[Fonte: eurostat] EU Member States exported over 1.6 million tonnes of olive oil in 2018, worth €5.7 billion. Almost two thirds of these exports went to other EU Member States (63%, or 1.0 million tonnes). This represents a 15% increase in the value of EU Member States’ total exports compared with 2013.
In 2018, the EU Member States imported 1.2 million tonnes of olives, worth €3.9 billion. Majority of these imports came from other EU Member States (85%, or 1.0 million tonnes). The value of olive oil imports to the EU Member States increased 10% compared with 2013.
Among EU Member States, Spain exported 301 400 tonnes of olive oil to non-EU Member States in 2018 (52% of extra-EU exports of olive oil in weight). This makes Spain by far the largest EU exporter of olive oil to the rest of the world, followed by Italy (191 000 tonnes, 33%), Portugal (56 000 tonnes, 10%) and Greece (20 600 tonnes, 4%). These four countries accounted for 99% of all extra-EU exports of olive oil in 2018.
The United States – main destination for exported olive oil
Over a third of EU olive oil exports went to the United States (203 000 tonnes, or 35% of extra-EU exports of oil olive), followed by Brazil (65 000 tonnes, 11%), Japan (52 000 tonnes, 9%), China (35 000 tonnes, 6%), Canada (31 000 tonnes, 5%) and Australia (29 000 tonnes, 5%).
Note: Due to quasi-transit trade, the adding of intra-EU trade and extra-EU trade may lead to double counting. An example of this would be olive oil imported from Tunisia via Italy, where they are cleared by customs for free circulation, before being dispatched to Germany. This would lead to the same olive oil being counted as imports by both Italy and Germany. More precisely, they would appear in Italy’s extra-EU imports from Tunisia and intra-EU exports to Germany and in Germany’s intra-EU imports from Italy.